Type 1 diabetes is a type of diabetes otherwise known as juvenile diabetes because it normally affect young children more than adults. The causes of diabetes vary from one individual to another and this also contributes to the category in which the disease is being referred. The various types of diabetes known includes type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, gestational diabetes, pre-diabetes among others.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is commonly found in children and/or adolescents, but may also occur in adults. It is far less common than type 2 diabetes as it’s known to affect younger individuals than adults. . With type 1 diabetes, there is almost always a complete deficiency of insulin. And, that is why it’s also called insulin-dependent diabetes and known to develop very quickly. It is most found in people under the age of 40 and mostly under the age of fourteen. There are people who have been diagnosed with diabetes type 1 after forty years of age but this is a very rare case.
Diabetes is a serious issues and type 1 is the worst, because it is associated with lack of insulin. It is a dysfunction of the pancreas where it will just stop making insulin in the amount the body needs to maintain a normal level of glucose in the blood. Many people who have type 1 diabetes can equally have symptoms of hyperglycemia.
Hyperglycemia is where your glucose is too high in the blood. This is a clear indication that your blood sugar is too high. There are quite a number of symptoms you are likely going to experience in hyperglycemia or diabetes type 1 such as frequent hunger, urinating and thirst. You’ll also experience blurred vision, fatigue, weight loss; your healing power will also be too low, that it will take you a long time to heal a wound or cut anytime you have a wound or cut. Other symptoms include dry mouth, dry or itchy skin, while impotence may equally be experienced by males. Your immune system will become weak and it will be very easy for you to pick infections easily anytime you have unfavourable conditions.
The reason why you are always hungry as a type 1 diabetic is because your body cannot use glucose as energy source, hence the reason why you tire out easily because your body cannot absorb sugar or glucose into the blood cells. This is evident through frequent trips to the bathroom. Then as you make so many trips a day to the bathroom, your body will consequently realizes that it’s losing excess water and that’s why you will become increasingly thirsty. When it comes to the symptoms of type 1 diabetes, you may experience them all together or it may take some time for your body to go through the process. Most likely you may not have these at once; at times it may be gradual.
The chances of developing type one diabetes is 3.7 to 20 per 100, 000. Therefore, over 700,000 Americans are known have type 1 diabetes, which adds up to be about ten percent of the total population that has been affected by the disorder. One simple truth about type 1 diabetes is that, it is more common to have than type 2 diabetes. The reason why people develop the disorder is because of an auto-immune disorder. The body will start to see its own tissue as a foreign object and then it destroys the body’s ability to make insulin. It has been rumored to be a cause from the mumps, rubella, measles, influenza, polio, or other viruses. That’s why it is very common in young children because those epidemics affect younger children more often than older adults. Diabetes is also genetic. You may simply have the disorder because an immediate family member has it.
As stated earlier, it is estimated that 5-10% of Americans who are diagnosed with diabetes have type 1 diabetes. Having type 1 diabetes increases your risk for many serious complications. Some complications closely associated with type 1 diabetes include: heart disease (cardiovascular disease), blindness (retinopathy), nerve damage (neuropathy), and kidney damage (nephropathy), etc.